Mediterranean, is an intercontinental sea between Europe, North Africa and Western Asia. Its approximate surface area is 2.51 million km² and has a maximum development along the parallel of about 3,700 km. The total length of its coastline is 46 000 km, the average depth is 1 500 m, while the maximum is 5 270 m at the coast of the Peloponnese. Average salinity ranges from 36.2 to 39 ‰. [2] The population present in the states bathed by its waters amounts to about 450 million people. [2] According to historiography, traditionally considered, together with the Near East and the Middle East, the cradle of Western civilization from the ancient world.

« From here the Earth is beautiful, without frontiers or boundaries. »

( Jurij Gagarin)